The Pantheon, as we know (or don’t know) it, has been the object of puzzlement for several centuries.
Lothar Haselberger is the Morris Russell Williams and Josephine Chidsey Williams Professor Emeritus in Roman Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania. This article is adapted from a presentation at the 2006 Pantheon conference in Bern, Switzerland, and published in the conference proceedings in 2009. Related publications since then include: F. Barry, “The Pediment of the Pantheon: Problems and Possibilities”; T. A. Marder and M. Wilson Jones (eds.), The Pantheon: from Antiquity to the Present; and L. Haselberger, “The Human Eye and 3D Laser Scanning: the Pantheon Façade and its Capitals.”