Anatole Upart

Anatole Upart is a doctoral student at the University of Chicago, specializing in Italian Renaissance architectural history. His current research examines effects of religious communities on the built environment in the Early Modern period as well as in the twentieth century.

Articles by Anatole Upart

Spatial Sacrality and the Budgetary Wrecking Ball

Although once rare, these days announcements of church demolitions and parish closures have become an expected part of weekly news. For example, in the Archdiocese of Chicago alone, forty-six parishes were closed and thirty-five were consolidated during the tenure of Joseph Cardinal Bernardin (1982–1996), while under the tenure of Francis Cardinal George (1997–2014, † 2015), twenty-two were closed and ten were consolidated.